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FSSAI Registration

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FSSAI Registration - Overview, Necessary documents, Benefits 

If you work in the food industry, you must be FSSAI registered. A Food License is required if you are involved in processing, manufacturing, packaging, distribution, or retailing. It is provided by the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI), which regulates food enterprises in accordance with the FSSAI Act of 2006.  

FSSAI registration is one of the most crucial registrations that must be obtained by anybody in India who desires to start a restaurant, bakery, hotel, or food stall. Persons participating in the food industry, such as manufacture, transportation, distribution, and storage of food articles/products, must also have an FSSAI registration in order to conduct their food company.

FSSAI is an abbreviation for Food Safety and Standards Authority of India. It is an institution that oversees and supervises the whole Indian food industry. It is a self-governing agency formed by the Government of India's Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.

The FSSAI was founded under the Food Safety and Standards Act, 2006 (FSS Act), which is a consolidated legislation in India governing food safety and regulation. It guarantees that food items are subjected to quality tests, reducing food adulteration and the selling of subpar products. It is in charge of registering and licensing Food Business Operators (FBO) in India, as well as establishing the laws and regulations for conducting food business in India. 


Registration with the FSSAI

Every natural or artificial person participating in the food industry, such as producing, processing, storing, distributing, and selling food items, must get an FSSAI Registration or License.

Depending on the size and type of the firm, FSSAI Registration differs from FSSAI License. Depending on the size of their firm, FBOs should get the relevant registration or licensing. 

The FSSAI Registration is a 14-digit registration or licensing number that appears on all food packaging. The 14-digit registration number contains information on the assembly state and the producer's permit. This registration procedure is intended to increase accountability on the part of the FBO in order to preserve the quality of the food items. The Food Safety & Standards (Licensing and Registration of Food Businesses) Regulations, 2011, govern the licensing and registration process and standards. 

Who Must Register with the FSSAI as a Food Business Operator (FBOs)?

FBOs conducting the following types of business are needed to get an FSSAI Registration/License:

  • Retail stores and petty retailers such as Retail Shop, Snack Shop, Confectionery or Bakery Shop, and so on.

  • Temporary or fixed stalls or food premises involved in the preparation, distribution, storage, and sale of food products such as Gol Gappa stalls, chat stalls, fruits/vegetable vendors, Tea Stall, snacks stalls, Bread pakoda stalls, Samosa stalls, Chinese food stall, South Indian food stall, sweet stall, juice shops, and so on.

  • Hawkers are people who sell packaged or freshly prepared food by travelling from one site to another (typically on foot or on portable carts).

  • Milk Chilling Units, Petty Milkman, and Milk Vendors are examples of dairy units.

  • Units for processing vegetable oil.

  • Meat stores, mutton shops, chicken shops, lamb meat shops, and so on.

  • Units for meat and fish processing.

  • All food manufacturing/processing units that involve food repackaging.

  • Food that is unique and proprietary.

  • Storage that is cold or refrigerated.

  • Food product transporter with a variety of specialized vehicles such as an insulated refrigerated van/wagon, milk tankers, food wagons, food trucks, and so on.

  • Food wholesaler, supplier, distributor, and marketer.

  • Hotels, restaurants, and bars are all available.

  • Canteens and cafeterias, particularly lunch canteens.

  • Caterers and food vending companies.

  • Dhabas, PGs that serve food, banquet halls with food catering arrangements, home-based canteens, and food booths at fairs or religious organizations are all examples of food service establishments.

  • Food importers and exporters, including food ingredients.

  • Cloud kitchens are e-commerce food vendors.

The type of FSSAI license/registration required by each of the aforementioned company types is determined by their qualifying requirements. The FSSAI website lists the eligibility conditions for each type of company and license/registration.  

Types of FSSAI Registration

FSSAI registration is dependent on the type of business, sales, and production capacity. FBOs can get a basic license, a central license, or a state license according on their installed capacity and turnover.

  • FSSAI Basic Registration - FBOs with less than Rs.12 lakh in annual revenue must get FSSAI basic registration. Form A is the FSSAI registration form that the applicant must complete in order to receive FSSAI basic registration.

  • FSSAI State License - FBOs with a revenue of more than Rs.12 lakh per annum but less than Rs.20 crore per annum are required to get an FSSAI state license. Form B is the FSSAI registration form that the applicant must complete in order to get an FSSAI state license.

  • FSSAI Central License - FBOs with a yearly revenue of more than Rs.20 crore are required to get an FSSAI central license. Form B is the FSSAI registration form that the applicant must complete in order to receive an FSSAI central license.

Online Application for FSSAI Registration

  • FBOs can receive FSSAI registration online by completing and submitting Form A (application for Registration) or Form B (application for State and Central License) on the FoSCoS site. Offline registration is also possible for FBOs by submitting Form A or Form B to the Food and Safety Department.

  • The relevant documentation must be submitted with the FSSAI registration form. The papers must be posted electronically on the FoSCos site at the time of application submission or physically provided to the Food and Safety Department together with the application. 

  • The Department has 7 days from the date of receipt of an application, either physically or electronically through the FoSCoS site, to approve or reject the FSSAI registration form. If the application is refused, the applicant must be notified in writing.

  • The papers provided will be reviewed by the Department.

  • If required, the Department may undertake an examination of the food facilities before issuing the FSSAI registration certificate.

  • If the Department determines that the FBO fits all of the specified requirements, it will issue an FSSAI registration certificate with the registration number and the applicant's email ID photo. By connecting into the FoSCoS portal, the applicant can also get the FSSAI registration certificate.

  • During business hours, the FSSAI registration certificate shall be conspicuously displayed at the FBO. 

Eligibility for FSSAI Registration

FSSAI Registration is a fundamental license that is needed of all FBOs engaged in the small-scale food sector. This category includes the following companies:

  • Any FBO having an annual revenue of less than Rs. 12 lakh.

  • Small-scale retailer specializing on food.

  • Any individual who makes or sells food on his or her own.

  • The food is sold by the temporary stall holder.

  • Except for a caterer, someone who distributes food during a religious or social event.

  • Small-scale or cottage enterprises involved in the food industry

Eligibility for  FSSAI License

Apart from small-scale enterprises, all other FBOs must get an FSSAI license. FSSAI Licenses are categorised into two categories: State FSSAI Licenses and Central FSSAI Licenses, depending on whether the business is medium or big in scale.

FBOs with large manufacturing units, importers, exporters, and interacting in large-scale food businesses must obtain FSSAI registration from the central government, while FBOs with small to medium-sized manufacturing units, transporters, marketers, traders, and so on, must obtain FSSAI registration from the state government. The FBO must have a revenue of Rs 12 lakh to Rs 20 crore in order to apply for a State License.

Other requirements include manufacturing facilities with a capacity of 2MT per day and dairy units with a capacity of up to 5000 litres per day. 3-star hotels and above, repackers, relabeling units, clubs, canteens, and any other catering enterprises, regardless of turnover, must apply for the license. The license is valid for a maximum of 5 years and a minimum of 1 year.

To apply for a Central License, an FBO must have a revenue of more than Rs. 20 crores and activities in two or more states. This license is required for all importers and exporters. The maximum tenure is five years, with a one-year minimum.


Get FSSAI licenses easily with Accubucks Solution FSSAI Plan

How to Check FSSAI Registration Status

FSSAI sends SMS/Email alerts to applicants at various stages of application processing. The applicant can also monitor the FSSAI registration status by entering the application reference number issued after submitting the application to FSSAI on the FoSCoS website under the 'Track Application Status' option. Click here for complete instructions on how to follow the status of your FSSAI application.

Tracking the application status allows you to see the various phases of the FSSAI registration status. When the FSSAI registration status is 'Application reversed,' it means that the FSSAI authorities have reversed the application for any necessary changes or clarification. To avoid application rejection, the applicant must send the answer within 30 days after the reversed date. 

When the FSSAI officials issue the FSSAI registration certificate, the registration status will be shown as 'Registration Certificate Issued'. By login into the FoSCoS website, applicants can download the certificate.

Cloud Kitchen has obtained the FSSAI license

In India, the food business is regulated by the FSSAI. It requires all Food Business Operators (FBOs), including cloud kitchens, to register. As a result, FSSAI certification is required for cloud kitchens. Cloud kitchens can receive the FSSAI Basic Registration, FSSAI State License, or FSSAI Central License according on their yearly turnover.

When their yearly sales is less than Rs 12 lakh, cloud kitchens must apply for FSSAI Basic Registration using Form A. When their yearly sales is higher above Rs 12 lakh but less than Rs 20 crore, they must apply for an FSSAI State License using Form B. When their yearly sales exceeds Rs 20 crore, they must apply for an FSSAI Central License using Form B. 

Through the FoSCoS site, cloud kitchens may apply for FSSAI licenses/registration. To submit the license/registration application, they must first pick the kind of food company, yearly turnover, fill out Form A or Form B, upload documents, and make an online payment.

Following the filing of the license/registration application, the relevant department will validate the application and scrutinize the given papers. When the department determines that the cloud kitchen satisfies all of the requirements, it will provide an FSSAI registration certificate with the registration number to the applicant's email address. 

The Advantages of Obtaining FSSAI Food License

Obtaining a license can bring legal benefits, foster goodwill, assure food safety, raise customer awareness, and aid in business development. It also aids in the regulation, manufacturing, storage, distribution, and sale of imported food. When an FBO is FSSAI registered, it is simple to get cash from investors.

The FSSAI logo on food goods assures that clients receive high-quality food. The FSSAI registration number displayed on the food premises indicates that the establishment meets cleanliness and quality requirements.

Consequences of Non-Compliance

Any registered or licensed person under the FSSAI must follow the rules and regulations outlined in the FSS Act of 2006. A food safety officer inspects the food company operator's facility and uses a checklist to determine the degree of compliance with the legislation. The food safety officer assigns it the following compliance level:

  • Compliance (C)

  • Non Compliance(NC)

  • (PC) stands for partial compliance

  • (NA) stands for not applicable/not noticed

Based on the foregoing, the food safety officer may issue an improvement notice as required by Section 32 of the FSS Act of 2006. If the business operator fails to comply with the improvement notice, the officer may terminate his license after providing the licensee a chance to demonstrate reason. Any food business operator who is dissatisfied with an improvement notice may file an appeal with the State Commissioner of Food Safety. The judgement can be contested by filing an appeal with the Food Safety Appellate Tribunal/High Court.

FSSAI License Renewal

The FSSAI license is required to start a food company, and it is also required to renew the license. The license is valid for one year or five years, thus the company must apply for renewal 30 days before the existing license expires.

Penalty for Non- Compliance

Non-compliance with FSSAI regulations can result in fines and legal action from the authorities. The following are some of the penalties for non-compliance with the FSSAI:

  • Selling hazardous or inferior food can result in a fine of up to 5 lakh rupees.

  • The penalty for deceptive advertising is up to ten lakh rupees.

  • The fine for blocking or failing to comply with FSSAI officers might reach 2 lakh rupees.

  • The penalty for breaking FSSAI laws is up to two lakh rupees.

  • The penalty for conducting food business without an FSSAI registration or license is up to 5 lakh rupees.

  • The penalty for producing or selling misbranded food is up to 3 lakh rupees.

  • The penalty for producing or selling food containing extraneous substance is up to one lakh rupees.

  • Penalty for inflicting bodily harm or death as a result of consuming contaminated food: Penalty of up to 6 years in jail and a fine of up to 5 lakh rupees


Documents Required for FSSAI registration

  • Operators of food establishments must provide photo identification.

  • Certificate of business constitution, such as a partnership agreement, certificate of incorporation, shop and establishment license, or other business registration certificate.

  • Proof of business premises possession, such as a rental agreement, a letter of authorization from the owner of the rented premises, utility bills, and so on

  • Plan for a food safety management system.

  • A list of food items that have been produced or processed.

  • Information about your bank account.

  • Supporting documentation (if necessary), such as a Municipality or Panchayat NOC, a Health NOC, a copy of the manufacturer's license, and so on.

The following specific documents are required to obtain FSSAI central license: 

  • Form-B 

  • Production site address evidence Production site layout

  • Rental agreement proof

  • Certificate of incorporation

  • Factory license (if applicable)

  • The unit's power specifications

  • Contact information for partners, directors, and members

  • Managers and signers must provide proof of identification and residence.

  • A certified lab's water test result

  • Form IX (if the business owner nominates you)

  • The manufacturer's NOC

  • Food items to be prepared

  • Food safety management strategy


FAQs on FSSAI registration Services

Question: What information is included on the FSSAI registration certificate?
Answer: The FSSAI registration certificate will include the FBO's name and address, the address of the food business premises, the kind of operation, and the validity term. 

Question: In India, how long is the FSSAI license valid?

Answer: An FSSAI license can be obtained for a duration ranging from one to five years. The FSSAI has established several validity periods for various permits and food items. Your charge is also determined by the food license and the validity period.

Question: How can you renew your registration/license once it has expired?

Answer: You must renew your FSSAI Registration/license before its validity term expires. In the event that you miss the application renewal deadline

Question: Can I convert a manual license to an online license? How?

Answer: Yes, during the renewal procedure, you can convert a manually issued license to an online license. You can approach the authorized officer in charge of that area. A chosen officer will then construct a User id and provide you a system-generated license number that may be renewed online.

Question: What are the various licensing categories?

Answer: Licenses and registrations are provided to Food Business Operators in a three-tier system based on revenue and food production capacity restriction under the FSS (Licensing & Registration) Regulations, 2011. FSSAI Basic Registration, FSSAI State License, and FSSAI Central License are the three licenses.

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